Wednesday, March 18, 2020
Essay on I Believe Essay on I Believe Peter Dawe Ã¢â¬Å"If itÃ¢â¬â¢s worth doing, itÃ¢â¬â¢s worth doing wellÃ¢â¬ : A this I Believe Essay I believe that hard work pays off. Often times, at least as of recently, people are always looking for the easy way out. Many teenagers want to do the least work possible, no matter the negative effects that occur. The majority chooses to do the bare minimum, whether it be while doing homework or during a practice. However, I have learned, so far, that if I put in the time and put in the work necessary to begin with I will achieve the goals that I have set for myself. The belief if I have do what is needed I will be successful pertains to all aspects of life, from becoming a better athlete or gaining a higher education. The reason I understand the importance of effort, for myself to have persistence and complete my objectives correctly, is because I learned the hard way. As a baseball player, I must always practice to keep the level of performance I expect of myself. However, I did not understand that I needed to practice to keep myself in competing condition until too late. The sum mer of freshman year I had an important baseball tournament, I thought I would be able to pitch as well as I had during the regular season. The difference was that I had not thrown, practiced, or trained to keep myself in competitive shape. Needless to say after my game, I was devastated and upset at my unacceptable play. I felt that I had not only let down myself, but my team as well. The day after I realized my error, I made a promise to myself that I would never let myself perform poorly again. This moment was extremely bittersweet because of my performance, but I also learned a lesson that is valuable and applicable to everything I do. I understood that if I did not
Sunday, March 1, 2020
Writing for a Cause Supplementing Income with Grant Writing As far back as I can remember, I have wanted to be a writer in some capacity. In the 90s, when I graduated from college and before the internet of things, I had no idea how to make that happen. I became a social worker. Working forÃ Big Brothers Big SistersÃ was very rewarding, but the pay was low and the hours were long. To supplement my income, I presented at seminars and wrote occasional grants. I had no formal grant writing experience, and IÃ¢â¬â¢m not even sure that we won any of the grants, but I made extra cash. Twenty years later, content writing comprises a little more than half my income. Although I was aware ofÃ grants available to writers, I had not touched a grant since the 90s. One morning, I received a phone call. A one-year-old, local non-profit agency needed a grant writer, and a friend recommended me. Regardless of my limited experience with grant writing, I was hired. Apparently local grant writers are difficult to find, especially for a new agency. I believed in the organization and wanted to help, but I had no idea how lucrative it would become. How It Works Initially, I agreed to a Ã¢â¬Å"per projectÃ¢â¬ fee, to ensure a good fit for everyone. We were awarded the very first grant I wrote, and my fee was $500. The grant took me about four hours to write, so I was very excited for the next proposal. After a month, the Board of Directors approved me as a permanent grant writer and the agreement looks like this: A retainerÃ of $500/month for one year, subject to an increase with a 50 percent award rate. Bonuses paid for awarded grants equal to five percent of the award amount. Researching and recommending grants each month is part of the job. Over the past few months, I have tracked hours spent researching and writing grants, as well as time spent on planning calls with the Executive Director. On average, I spend twelve hours per month on this job. My average monthly income to date is $1200, or $83/hour. This amount will increase, as I am on track to write nearly one million dollars in grants this year. My monthly hours will increase as I write larger, more complex grant proposals. If my award average is 50 percent or higher, my estimated income will be $37,000 for the year, equating to well over $100/hour, even with increased hours. A Few Words About Ethics MostÃ grantwriter associationsÃ have determined that commissions based on percentages of awarded grants is unethical. And, more importantly, grants rarely allow funds to be used to pay a grantwriter. Agencies must fundraise to cover operations expenses, such as grantwriting. In my case, the agency budget includes my retainer, which compensates me for hours spent, even if a grant is not awarded. The budget also includes bonus money to be paid out for awarded grants. The percentage is used as a bonus guideline; however, my grantwriting fees are never paid directly from a grant. When I dreamed of being a writer, I did not dream of blog and grant proposal writing. Writing opportunities can pop up everywhere. Even though my writing career hasnÃ¢â¬â¢t included bestselling novels and coast to coast book tours, I am influencing the world with words. The income has been great and it feels good to know that my writing skills are helping to fund an important cause.
Friday, February 14, 2020
Reflection - Essay Example According to Fairman (2012), well trained nurses are the need of an hour for the industry to play its due role in the betterment of the society, because world population is increasing. On the other side, death rate is decreasing; so, when we take this into account, the net impact is growing number of patients in the medical facilities. The humanity requires well equipped medical staff to meet the future healthcare needs; I am looking forward to become an asset to my field, by training in the best way for the future. I need to become a highly competent medical professional, who could help people in healing. In the process of patient recovery, medication alone is not sufficient; I should also be able to demonstrate compassion towards those who are suffering. In this way, patients will realize that they are important and their will to live will increase significantly, however, this compassion will have to be kept within the limits of professionalism. In the future of nursing, my ability to lead, will be the most crucial attribute in my career (Fights, 2012), because at that time, technology will eliminate unnecessary jobs. As a result, every individual will be placed strategically in various departments of the hospital; so, everyone will enjoy certain degree of job autonomy, but in parallel responsibility will also mount significantly. English nursing association launched a training program for their nurses, to foster skills that are needed in the future. This particular program includes training of leadership in a practical scenario, multitasking and modern life saving techniques and medication (Brearley, 2012). This program also focuses on giving medical staff higher degree of job autonomy, which cannot be done, without decentralization of the authority within healthcare organizations. However, the role of nursing staff is going to be extremely significant in the coming days, because doctors will
Saturday, February 1, 2020
Ethics Theories - Essay Example Ã Utilitarianism stipulates that the greatest happiness should be the guiding principle for the conduct (Shafer-Landau 2012). Finally, Deontological ethics focuses on the rightness or wrongness of the individual actions. Ã It does not put considerations to the rightness or wrongness of the consequences of the actions committed.Ã Distinction in how each theory addresses ethics and MoralityÃ A Utilitarianism approach on morals and ethics implies that no moral action is intrinsically right or wrong. Ã The correctness or wrongness of an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s action is solely a creation of his or her non-moral good like pleasure, happiness or knowledge. Ã Deontological ethics asserts that the wrongness or rightness of an individualÃ¢â¬â¢s action is at least a portion of the intrinsic moral features like lying (Shafer-Landau 2012). Ã Ethics and morality are components of virtue theory like honesty and generosity. Virtue ethics focuses on the natural character of an individual rather than on the nature or consequences of specific actions executed. Ã Deontological ethics refers to the ordinary ethical point that controls the morality of an action, based on the actionÃ¢â¬â¢s devotion to set rules.Ã Personal ExperienceÃ An instance involving my friend who faces a circumstance demanding him to speak the truth. Ã Deontology advocates truth speaking which is an ethical and moral act. Speaking the truth in itself is a virtue and by this virtue, theories support it.
Friday, January 24, 2020
Moliere is undoubtedly one of the most interesting and famous French writers ever. His comedic plays capture the reader with a a perfect blend of intelligent and slap stick jokes. He mastered the "strange enterprise of amusing decent people"(Guicharnaud, 2) with this simple philosophy: "Nothing is more effective(in making people laugh) then holding up the mirror to nature."(Guicharnaud, 21) Jean-Baptiste Poquelin was born in Paris on January 15, 1662. His father and Mother where both interior decorators for the king, although his mother died when Jean-Baptise was ten years of age. He was sent to College de Claremont, an aristocratic Jesuit institution. Poquelin took a degree in law, which he never used in practice, and moved back to work with his father. When he turned of age, he shocked his family by declaring he would not succeed his fathers position. Instead , he took the stage name "Moliere", and began his career as a thespian. He spent a short time in a debtor's prison and then immediately fled Paris. Thus began the most important stage in Moliere's young life. Moliere wondered about France, learning the trade of which he would eventually master, and become famous for. He learned how to handle everything about the stage. From writing, to acting, to controlling unhappy crowds that where armed with fruits and vegetables as missiles. Immediately, his own skits and plays where a success. His entire career was almost one of continuous success. He worked his own theater, with his own troupe(organization of actors) of which he was president. Louis the XIV was one of his biggest patrons. For fifteen years he managed, wrote, acted and organized performance at his theater. On February 17, 1673 Moli... ... to make them realize there false preciosity. He succeeds in mortifying them, and they depart from his home. In his time, the effort towards distinction became very popular. Although to us some of the ridulous antics of the two girls trying to seem prestigous are too far fetched to be realistic, they are "exact, not exagerated."(Bishop, 3) In writing it, he made many realize how ridiculous their actions where, maybe aleaving his anoyance. This practice though, still exists today. Too a good portion of the poplulation it will be a way of life. Now a days many young people attempt to be "cool" by buying the latest clothes and practicing all the latest trends. This is of course an effort to be more prestigious to there peers, and thus is human nature. As with all Moliere plays, they are still relevant in todays world, after all human nature is ageless.
Thursday, January 16, 2020
The purpose of a universal public education system can be debated, but originally, in the 1830Ã¢â¬â¢s, Horace Mann reformed the American school system in order to give all children the basis on which to learn and become judicious citizens. As public schooling has evolved throughout the years, the purpose of education has been slowly vanishing, being replaced by monotonous routines and pointless activities done by students that no longer are interested in learning, but getting good grades instead.The true purpose of learning isnÃ¢â¬â¢t being addressed properly in schools, and it isnÃ¢â¬â¢t being recognized by those who attend school in order to learn. In Ã¢â¬ËAn EducationÃ¢â¬â¢, by Ralph Waldo Emerson, Emerson paints a picture of what an education is supposed to provide for a pupil. He writes, Ã¢â¬Å"The function of opening and feeding the human mind is not to be filled by any mechanical or military methodÃ¢â¬ ¦you must not neglect the form, but secure the essentialsÃ¢â¬ (para. 9).In a sense, Emerson argues that the purpose of education is, not to mold a judicious citizen that has basic understanding of certain topics, but to guide and ultimately unleash the genius and determination in every man by giving them the essentials to learning. On the other hand, Mann in Ã¢â¬ËReport of the Massachusetts Board of EducationÃ¢â¬â¢ uses the analogy of Feudalism to show that when education is not made a mandatory opportunity for all, society gets broken into classes, like Feudalism, in which the rich and powerful abuse the poor and uneducated.Here we see a specific clash of opinions on what education is supposed to provide for an individual person, and a society. Although EmersonÃ¢â¬â¢s essay may seem less subjective than MannÃ¢â¬â¢s, I believe Emerson holds a more broad understanding of what an education can give to a person. There are many cases in which twelve years of public school do not provide a student with the passion or direction in order to live a life full of learning and accomplishment, when twelve years of public education doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t provide an exceptional education.The solution might not be to end public schooling, but to begin public acceptance of young students becoming avid learners instead of teacherÃ¢â¬â¢s pets, self advocates instead of disabled pupils. Leon Botstein in Ã¢â¬ËLet Teenagers Try AdulthoodÃ¢â¬â¢ proposes that the answer to such an out of date and flawed institution is a world where sixteen year olds are Ã¢â¬Å"prepared to be taken seriously and to develop the motivations and interests that will serve them well in adult lifeÃ¢â¬ (para. 11). Being a 16 year old myself, I often wonder hat that would be like; if other adults didnÃ¢â¬â¢t know I attend high school or if that was completely irrelevant to begin with. As this is a nice thought, it is also a minor detail in the larger scheme of things. I find the solution of empowering students to be curious and to seek out what they want fr om schools to be far more superior. The public school system can indeed live up to the standard Emerson set for a great education; it just has to be changed. An excellent teacher has the power to provide students with the essentials to learning, good listening skills for example.However, public schools donÃ¢â¬â¢t often produce excellent students or teachers, and this is exactly what starts the banal cycle again. To what extent do our schools serve the goals of a true education? Our schools, being the student body, the leaders, and everything in between are too caught up in the everyday cycle of busy work and assessments, to realize that these methods need to be replaced with new ones that open the minds of students to what they can fulfill with the right passion for their education and the true purpose of being educated.
Wednesday, January 8, 2020
The Reagan Doctrine was a strategy implemented by U.S. President Ronald Reagan intended to eradicate communism and end the Cold War with the Soviet Union. Throughout ReaganÃ¢â¬â¢s two terms in office from 1981 to 1989, and extending to the end of the Cold War in 1991, the Reagan Doctrine was the focal point of U.S. foreign policy. By reversing several aspects of the policy of dÃ ©tente with the Soviet Union developed during the Jimmy Carter Administration, the Reagan Doctrine represented an escalation of the Cold War. Key Takeaways: The Reagan Doctrine The Reagan Doctrine was the element of U.S. President Ronald ReaganÃ¢â¬â¢s foreign policy dedicated to ending the Cold War by eradicating communism.The Reagan Doctrine represented a reversal of the Carter AdministrationÃ¢â¬â¢s less proactive policy of dÃ ©tente with the Soviet Union.The Reagan Doctrine combined diplomacy with direct U.S. assistance to armed anti-communist movements in Africa, Asia, and Latin America.Many world leaders and historians credit the Reagan Doctrine as having been the key to the end of the Cold War and the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. Functionally, the Reagan Doctrine combined the tense brand of Cold War atomic diplomacy as practiced by the United States since the end of World War II, with the addition of overt and covert assistance to anti-communist guerrilla Ã¢â¬Å"freedom fighters.Ã¢â¬ By assisting armed resistance movements in Africa, Asia, and Latin America, Reagan sought to Ã¢â¬Å"roll backÃ¢â¬ the influence of communism on the governments in those regions. Prominent examples of implementation of the Reagan Doctrine included Nicaragua, where the United States covertly assisted the Contra rebels fighting to oust the Cuban-backed Sandinista government, and Afghanistan, where the U.S. provided material support to the Mujahideen rebels fighting to end the Soviet occupation of their country. In 1986, Congress learned that the Reagan administration had acted illegally in secretly selling arms to the Nicaraguan rebels. The resulting infamous Iran-Contra affair, while a personal embarrassment and political setback to Reagan, failed to slow the continued implementation of his anti-communist policy during the presidency of George H.W. Bush.Ã Ã History of the Reagan Doctrine During the late 1940s, President Harry S. Truman had established a doctrine of Ã¢â¬Å"containmentÃ¢â¬ in regard to communism intended only to limit the ideology from spreading beyond the Soviet bloc nations in Europe. In contrast, Reagan based his foreign policy on the Ã¢â¬Å"roll-backÃ¢â¬ strategy developed by John Foster Dulles, Secretary of State under President Dwight D. Eisenhower committing the United States to actively attempt to reverse the political influence of the Soviet Union. ReaganÃ¢â¬â¢s policy differed from DullesÃ¢â¬â¢ largely diplomatic approach in that it relied on the overt active military support of those fighting against communist dominance. As Reagan first took office, Cold War tensions had reached their highest point since the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. Growingly suspicious of the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s expansionist motives, Reagan publicly described the Soviet Union as Ã¢â¬Å"an evil empireÃ¢â¬ and call for the development of space-based missile defense system so fantastically high-tech that ReganÃ¢â¬â¢s critics would dub it Ã¢â¬Å"Star Wars.Ã¢â¬ On January 17, 1983, Reagan approved National Security Decision Directive 75, officially declaring U.S. policy toward the Soviet Union to be Ã¢â¬Å"to contain and over time reverse Soviet expansionism,Ã¢â¬ and to Ã¢â¬Å"support effectively those Third World states that are willing to resist Soviet pressures or oppose Soviet initiatives hostile to the United States, or are special targets of Soviet policy.Ã¢â¬ The Strategy of The Great Communicator Nicknamed Ã¢â¬Å"The Great Communicator,Ã¢â¬ Reagan made giving the perfect speech at the perfect time a key strategy of his Reagan Doctrine. The Ã¢â¬ËEvil EmpireÃ¢â¬â¢ Speech President Reagan first expressed his belief in the need for a specific policy to deal proactively with the spread of communism in a speech on March 8, 1983, during which he referred to the Soviet Union and its allies as the Ã¢â¬Å"evil empireÃ¢â¬ in a growingly dangerous Ã¢â¬Å"struggle between right and wrong and good and evil.Ã¢â¬ In the same speech, Reagan urged NATO to deploy nuclear missiles in Western Europe to counter the threat posed by Soviet missiles then being installed in Eastern Europe.Ã The Ã¢â¬ËStar WarsÃ¢â¬â¢ Speech In a nationally-televised speech on March 23, 1983, Reagan sought to defuse Cold War tensions by proposing an ultimate missile defense system he claimed could Ã¢â¬Å"achieve our ultimate goal of eliminating the threat posed by strategic nuclear missiles.Ã¢â¬ The system, officially called the Strategic Defense Initiative (SDI) by the Department of Defense and Ã¢â¬Å"Star WarsÃ¢â¬ by pundits and critics, was to employ advanced space-based weapons like lasers and subatomic particle guns, along with mobile ground-based missiles, all controlled by a dedicated system of super-computers. While acknowledging that many, if not all of the necessary technologies were still theoretical at best, Reagan claimed the SDI system could make nuclear weapons Ã¢â¬Å"impotent and obsolete.Ã¢â¬ 1985 State of the Union Address In January 1985, Reagan began his second term by using his State of the Union address to urge the American people to stand up to the Communist-ruled Soviet Union and its allies he had called the Ã¢â¬Å"Evil EmpireÃ¢â¬ two years earlier.Ã In his opening remarks on foreign policy, he dramatically declared. Ã¢â¬Å"Freedom is not the sole prerogative of a chosen few; it is the universal right of all GodÃ¢â¬â¢s children,Ã¢â¬ adding that the Ã¢â¬Å"missionÃ¢â¬ of America and all Americans must be to Ã¢â¬Å"nourish and defend freedom and democracy.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"We must stand by all our democratic allies,Ã¢â¬ Reagan told Congress. Ã¢â¬Å"And we must not break faith with those who are risking their livesÃ¢â¬âon every continent, from Afghanistan to NicaraguaÃ¢â¬âto defy Soviet-supported aggression and secure rights which have been ours from birth.Ã¢â¬ He memorably concluded, Ã¢â¬Å"Support for freedom fighters is self-defense.Ã¢â¬ With those words, Reagan seemed to be justifying his programs of military assistance for the Contra rebels in Nicaragua, whom he had once called the Ã¢â¬Å"moral equal of the Founding Fathers;Ã¢â¬ the mujahideen rebels in Afghanistan fighting the Soviet occupation, and anti-communist Angolan forces embroiled in that nationÃ¢â¬â¢s civil war. Reagan Tells the Soviets to Ã¢â¬ËTear Down This WallÃ¢â¬â¢ On June 12, 1987, President Reagan, standing under a larger-than-life white marble bust of Vladimir Lenin at Moscow State University in West Berlin, publicly challenged the leader of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev, to dismantle the infamous Berlin Wall that had separated democratic West and communist East Berlin since 1961. In a characteristically eloquent speech, Reagan told the crowd of mostly young Russians that Ã¢â¬Å"freedom is the right to question and change the established way of doing things.Ã¢â¬ Reagan's "Tear Down This Wall" Speech. The Reagan Foundation. Then, directly addressing the Soviet Premier, Reagan declared, Ã¢â¬Å"General Secretary Gorbachev if you seek peace, if you seek prosperity for the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, if you seek liberalization, come here to this gate. Mr. Gorbachev, open this gate. Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!Ã¢â¬ Surprisingly, the speech received little notice from the media until 1989, after Mr. Gorbachev had indeed Ã¢â¬Å"torn down that wall.Ã¢â¬ The Grenada War In October 1983, the tiny Caribbean island nation of Grenada was rocked by the assassination of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and the overthrow of his government by a radical Marxist regime. When Soviet money and Cuban troops began flowing into Grenada, the Reagan administration acted to remove the Communists and restore a democratic pro-American government. On October 25, 1983, nearly 8,000 U.S. ground troops supported by air strikes invaded Grenada, killing or capturing 750 Cuban soldiers and setting up a new government. Though it had some negative political fallout in the United States, the invasion clearly signaled that the Reagan administration would aggressively oppose communism anywhere in the Western Hemisphere. The End of the Cold War ReaganÃ¢â¬â¢s supporters pointed to his administrationÃ¢â¬â¢s successes in aiding the contras in Nicaragua and the mujahideen in Afghanistan as evidence that the Reagan Doctrine was making headway in reversing the spread of Soviet influence. In the 1990 Nicaraguan elections, the Marxist Sandinista government of Daniel Ortega was ousted by the more American-friendly National Opposition Union. In Afghanistan, the Mujahideen, with the support of the U.S., succeeded in forcing the Soviet military to withdraw. Reagan Doctrine advocates contend that such successes laid the foundation for the eventual dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991.Ã Many historians and world leaders praised the Reagan Doctrine. Margaret Thatcher, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990, credited it with helping to end the Cold War. In 1997, Thatcher said that the doctrine had Ã¢â¬Å"proclaimed that the truce with communism was over,Ã¢â¬ adding that, Ã¢â¬Å"The West would henceforth regard no area of the world as destined to forego its liberty simply because the Soviets claimed it to be within their sphere of influence.Ã¢â¬ Sources and Further Reference Krauthammer, Charles. The Reagan Doctrine. Time magazine, April 1, 1985.Allen, Richard V. The Man Who Won the Cold War. hoover.org.U.S. Aid to Anti-Communist Rebels: The Reagan Doctrine and Its Pitfalls. Cato Institute. June 24, 1986.25th Anniversary of the Fall of the Berlin Wall. Ronald Reagan Presidential Library.